Krampus is often featured looming menacingly over children. He is also shown as having one human foot and one cloven hoof.
In some, Krampus has sexual overtones; he is pictured pursuing buxom women. In Styria , the Ruten bundles are presented by Krampus to families. The twigs are painted gold and displayed year-round in the house—a reminder to any child who has temporarily forgotten Krampus. In smaller, more isolated villages, the figure has other beastly companions, such as the antlered "wild man" figures, and St Nicholas is nowhere to be seen.
A toned-down version of Krampus is part of the popular Christmas markets in Austrian urban centres like Salzburg. In these, more tourist-friendly interpretations, Krampus is more humorous than fearsome. In Cave del Predil , in the northern part of the Udine province in Italy, an annual Krampus festival is held in early December. Just before the sun sets, the Krampus come out from an old cave and chase children—boys but also adults—punishing them with strokes on the legs.
To satisfy their anger children and young people must recite a prayer. North American Krampus celebrations are a growing phenomenon. Similar figures are recorded in neighboring areas. Klaubauf Austria, while Bartl or Bartel , Niglobartl , and Wubartl are used in the southern part of the country. In many parts of Croatia, Krampus is described as a devil wearing a cloth sack around his waist and chains around his neck, ankles, and wrists.
As a part of a tradition, when a child receives a gift from St. Nicholas he is given a golden branch to represent his good deeds throughout the year; however, if the child has misbehaved, Krampus will take the gifts for himself and leave only a silver branch to represent the child's bad acts.
Costumed characters are a central part of all Krampus celebrations.
These characters include: Krampus, Saint Nikolaus, the woodsman, angels, and the old woman. As Krampus is half-goat and half-demon, the costume normally shares certain primary elements such as: a fur suit, horns, demon mask, and hooves. Props commonly used are; bells, a birch switch, basket worn on the back, chains, walking staff, and a horse hair or hemp flogger. More often they are made with modern and less costly materials, such as: fake fur and latex masks. Several Krampus costume instructional YouTube videos are available.
The character of Krampus has been imported and modified for various North American media,   including print i. A modern Krampus at the Perchtenlauf in Klagenfurt From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the folklore figure. For the film, see Krampus film. A horned, anthropomorphic folklore figure associated with Christmas. Further information: Krampus in popular culture.
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Krampus mit Kind "Krampus with a child" postcard from around Nicholas procession with Krampus, and other characters, c. Nikolaus with 12 Krampuses in Berchtesgadener Land, Germany Krampus in Toblach , Italy Christianity portal Holidays portal Mythology portal. Retrieved 25 November Spiegel Online. Retrieved 17 December So Where's He From? National Geographic News. Retrieved 29 March Explaining the horrific Christmas beast". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 December NGM Blog Central. National Geographic Society.
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Retrieved 22 December Seattle , Washington : Fantagraphics. Postmarked yesteryear: art of the holiday postcard. Portland, Oregon : Collectors Press. In David Picard, Mike Robinson eds. Festivals, tourism and social change: remaking worlds. Christmas in ritual and tradition: Christian and Pagan.
Toronto : Bell and Cockburn. Evo tko je Krampus koji ju je ostavio". Retrieved 14 December Retrieved 5 December Explaining the Horrific Christmas Devil". Retrieved 23 April Themes of possessiveness, obsessiveness, suspicion, or actual betrayal and mistrust have required your confrontation. This month you'll understand that by choosing to take off the suit of armor around your heart, you'll do it more service than you ever could have by leaving it there.
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